Redi-Rock was approved by the United Kingdom's Highway Authorities Product Approval Scheme (HAPAS) in 2018. Before it made its debut in the Highways England network, however, the proprietary precast modular block system underwent further review by contractor Kier Highways in collaboration with engineer Jacobs Atkins Joint Venture. The diligence paid off in the form of £16 million in verified efficiencies for the 2.9 kilometers (1.8 miles) of Redi-Rock retaining walls utilized in upgrading two sections of roadway to smart motorways.
As part of the smart motorways upgrades for M20, J3-5, and M23, J8-10, the verge needed to be widened to accommodate extra lanes, emergency areas, and gantry bases. With varied terrain and demands along the 27.5 kilometers (17 miles) of roadway, Kier Highways started searching early on in the planning process for an innovative retaining wall solution to avoid land acquisition for the upgrades.
Kier partnered with project designer Jacobs Atkins Joint Venture to conduct efficiency assessments of various retaining wall solutions. Their assessment included analyzing the structural and geotechnical capability of solutions for walls under 1.5 meters (5 feet) and up to 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) tall, as well as conducting a cost comparison.
Potential wall systems examined for the project included:
Gravity walls built from PMBs, specifically Redi-Rock blocks from Somerset-based manufacturer Marshalls CPM, rose to the top of the solutions after their analysis.
Redi-Rock gravity walls rely on the sheer mass of the concrete blocks, as well as the patented dome and groove interlocking technology, to withstand the pressure of the retained earth. With an extensive library of blocks ranging in weight from 530-2190 kilograms (1160-4840 pounds) and in width from 710-2440 millimeters (28-96 inches), gravity walls over 6 meters (20 feet) tall can be built.
Compared to the other options analyzed, Redi-Rock offered:
For the Highways England project, Marshalls CPM worked in collaboration with stakeholders to create a custom solution to further expedite installation through offsite construction and enhance the quality of the end result. The customization included modifying the top block for walls over 1.5 meters (5 feet) to include a socket for guardrails that would allow safe access for inspections and maintenance. The guardrails were installed under factory controlled quality systems, providing additional time savings on site.
The 2.9 kilometers (1.8 miles) of retaining walls were finished in the Cobblestone texture in 2020. With the appearance of six smaller blocks on the face of each Redi-Rock block, the walls provide an attractive, less industrial roadside feature along two sections of England's busiest roadways.
Upon completion, the Highways England Efficiency Register - where initiatives that save time or money are recorded, evaluated, and verified by an independent party - showed that the use of Redi-Rock delivered project efficiencies over £16 million. At 5.6% of the total project budget for the smart motorway upgrades, the client Highways England was very pleased with the result.
For their work on the project, Kier was nominated for a 2020 Constructing Excellence SECBE Award in the Civils Project category and went on to win the award in the Health and Safety category.
To learn more about how the Redi-Rock system, which also includes the Positive Connection blocks for mechanically stabilized earth walls, might help you on your next project, download the international Design Resource Manual.
Project: Highways England #219 Customer: Highways England Engineer: Jacobs Atkins Joint Venture Manufacturer: Marshall's CPM Installer: Kier Highways Location: United Kingdom Year Built: 2020
Gravity Retaining Wall Blocks - Massive, one-ton Redi-Rock gravity blocks rely on the sheer mass of each block to hold back the earth.
Cobblestone Texture - Redi-Rock Cobblestone blocks feature a great stacked stone aesthetic with the appearance of six smaller blocks.
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