Raising the Grade for Bridge Construction
11,000 Square feet (1022 square meters) Redi-Rock walls raise grade and save space for pedestrian bridge
Keeping residents safe was a top priority when Hamilton County, Indiana made plans to expand the local Monon Greenway rail trail. The city of Indianapolis calls the Monon Greenway one of the busiest urban greenways in the nation, and providing this bridge crossing over 146th Street was key to the success of the trail's northward expansion.
To make the pedestrian bridge a reality, retaining walls were required to raise the grade for the bridge to span over 146th street.
Searching for a solution that could meet the site's requirements, designers turned to Redi-Rock.
"This is an old, abandoned railroad corridor and the county highway engineer wanted to make this new bridge resemble an old railroad bridge," explained Hamilton County's Bridge Program Engineer, Matt Knight, PE. "A lot of the old railroad bridges in this area have abutments made of big, cut limestone and we wanted to select something that would resemble that. We thought a big block like Redi-Rock would be appropriate here. It's one of the most unique things about this project."
To create the reinforced retaining walls required for the project, designers chose the Redi-Rock Positive Connection (PC) System from local manufacturer Redi-Rock of Kentuckiana. The Limestone texture Redi-Rock PC blocks have the look of natural stone but are engineered to work with modern bridge design. With the PC System, there's virtually no chance of a pullout connection failure because the grid wraps through the block. The resulting connection does not have a weight dependent (friction) component, so it provides as much strength at the top of the wall as at the bottom. In addition, there are no extra parts and pieces or mechanical fasteners required for the connection-simplifying the construction sequence and eliminating common installation errors.
Because this project needed to fit in a tight footprint and had many corners, having a retaining wall that was versatile was key. Multiple setback options are available with the Redi-Rock PC System, including a vertical batter which was used on this project for several reasons:
The vertical batter helped minimize the space required for the retaining walls. "It was a very challenging place to work in. We were spanning a busy street, so we had the challenge of working in a very tight space and trying to do it in as short of a space as possible and trying to do it with as little disturbance as possible," Knight said.
The design of the bridge structure needed to be completed in a very tight footprint to maintain the required trail widths and right of way. "As far as the design is concerned, the load from the bridge was on piers and the wall needed to fit around the piers within the dimensions the city allowed," explained wall designer Curtis Derichs, PE and Vice President of Civil Design Professionals.
The vertical wall face was able to meet the AASHTO LRFD design standards, which was important for this project because federal and state DOT funds were involved. The PC System provides superior connection strength, which allowed Redi-Rock to easily meet this design standard.
The vertical batter helped the walls coordinate with the bridge piers. "With so many inside and outside corners, it becomes more and more difficult for everything to fit as the wall gets taller. As a result, the walls were designed with near vertical batter to help ease of construction," Derichs said.
The flexibility of the Redi-Rock PC System also meant that field fabrication was cut to a minimum. "A big challenge was that the pedestrian bridge sits on piers the wall needed to fit around with specific dimensions. With any block system that has set dimensions, this can be difficult without cutting blocks. We used slight radiuses and half blocks to achieve dimensions that were really close and acceptable to the City's requirements," Derichs explained. Redi-Rock blocks allow inside and outside curves and corners to be built without cutting; in addition, multiple block options are available including half blocks, corner blocks, freestanding blocks, and caps to give projects a finished look.
In total, the project required 11,000 square feet (1,022 square meters) of Redi-Rock PC System retaining walls leading up to and away from the bridge. The bridge structure itself spans 428 feet (130.5 meters) with a 12-foot-wide (3.7 meters) path to provide safe crossing for users. The main span consists of a single, 108 foot (32.9) span utilizing a steel bowstring arch truss. The four approach spans are made up of steel pratt trusses 80 feet (24.4 meters) in length.
Project: Monon Pedestrian Bridge #157 Engineer: Civil Design Professionals, Hamilton County United Consulting Owner: Hamilton County Manufacturer: Redi-Rock of Kentuckiana Installer: Rieth-Riley Construction Location: Hamilton County, Indiana Year Built: 2013