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Wing Walls for Bridge Construction

Zero Batter Retaining Walls Coordinate with Precast Arches for Nova Scotia Bridge


Several years ago, a blighted piece of land in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia was selected for a $300 million development project. This unlikely site is now home to a beautiful, high-end shopping center with impressive access roads, bridges, and infrastructure to support it.

"The development started out as an old rock quarry; we called it a hole in the world," explained Doug McLean of Duracast. "It was a big mess of rock and gravel and debris everywhere. Then North American Real Estate Group decided they were going to turn the 150 acre (60.7 hectare) site into a higher end shopping development and they were going to re-invigorate Grassy Brook."

Designers needed a way to create several crossings over Grassy Brook that would keep the creek corridor relatively natural. "Part of the redevelopment of the quarry was to make a green space for local residents. A fairly good sized subdivision is right nearby, so the residents use this as a walking and natural area. They tried to incorporate that natural feel as much as possible with the bridges and retaining walls," McLean said.

The project required a total of four crossings over Grassy Brook. Two required precast arches that were 40 feet (12.2 meters) at the base, and another required a precast arch that was 60 feet (18.3 meters) at the base. To keep these arches looking natural, designers needed a solution for the wing walls and headwalls.

Vertical batter Redi-Rock walls allowed the wing walls to coordinate perfectly with the precast arches


Stantec Engineering designed the bridges using a precast arch system which combines cast-in-place footings and precast concrete arches. After learning that Redi-Rock could provide zero degree batter wing walls and headwalls to work in conjunction with the precast system, Stantec specified Redi-Rock for the job.

"The arch and the walls were put in to protect the beauty of the brook here at Dartmouth Crossing," explained Michael Cameron of Dexter Construction. "The Redi-Rock gave it a more natural look than just a concrete poured wall. The whole goal of the project was to keep everything original and keep the woods feel so you don't feel like you're in an urban jungle; you feel like you're shopping in a country setting."

Redi-Rock is a large block retaining wall system that uses massive precast concrete blocks that stack up like giant Legos. Multiple batter options and textures are available, plus the shape of the blocks makes it easy to build corners and curves. These Redi-Rock blocks were manufactured locally by Duracast in Dartmouth.

The wing walls and headwalls were constructed using Redi-Rock Limestone texture blocks reinforced with geogrid. From the footings to grade level, the walls stand 24 feet tall with 3 feet of freestanding walls on top plus caps to finish off the look of the bridge. The freestanding walls were J-bolted in place to act as a pedestrian rail.

A crew of four to six from Dexter Construction unloaded the blocks using a loader with forks and installed the blocks using a 20 ton (18.1 metric ton) excavator. "We built this wall over 10 years ago, and it's stood the test of time in the fact that everything is still exactly where I laid the blocks 10 years ago," explained Cameron in 2015. "There's some weathering, and that makes everything look more natural."

Redi-Rock walls were used to create amphitheater seating. 

Four years later, Dartmouth Crossing was ready to begin construction of Grassy Brook Park adjacent to the bridge. In addition to the trout spawning bed, the whole park area is designed in the outline of a fish. The focal point of Grassy Brook Park is the Pondside Amphitheater, and the seating plan for the amphitheater needed to follow the curving design.

Developers chose to use Redi-Rock blocks for seating construction to tie the entire project together. Redi-Rock allows both concave and convex curves to be built using the standard blocks, which was a benefit in this curvy, fish-shaped application.

The amphitheater seating design called for two courses of blocks--one buried and one above ground, plus a coordinating concrete cap to finish the look. In total, the amphitheatre utilized 3,600 square feet (334 square meters) of Redi-Rock.

The amphitheater is a great addition to the development and ties together perfectly with the bridges.

By the time all phases of this project were complete, the project required 1,500 blocks equaling 8,625 square feet (801 square meters) of walls.

Need a wall solution for your next project? Visit redi-rock.com/bridges for engineering resources and more cases studies!

Project: Dartmouth Crossing Bridge #90 Customer: Dartmouth Crossing Ltd. Engineer: Stantec Engineering Manufacturer: Duracast Installer: ACL Construction Location: Dartmouth, Nova Scotia Year Built: 2006

Products Featured in This Case Study:

Gravity Retaining Wall BlocksMassive, one-ton Redi-Rock gravity blocks rely on the sheer mass of each block to hold back the earth.

Reinforced Retaining Wall BlocksBuild MSE retaining walls with the revolutionary Redi-Rock the Positive Connection (PC) System.

Freestanding Blocks Redi-Rock freestanding blocks are textured on both sides, giving above-grade walls an unbeatable, finished look for any project you design.

CapsRedi-Rock cap blocks are the perfect way to finish a retaining wall, freestanding wall, or column.

Limestone Texture -Redi-Rock Limestone blocks mimic the texture of natural split Limestone.

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